The majority of people around the world will suffer from back pains at one point in their life. It is never a pleasant experience and can cause major disruptions to your everyday life. Not all back pains are the same, and there are many different reasons that can lead to them developing.
The most common is muscle strain, where you may have lifted up something heavy using your lower back muscles, and not your legs. This is a fairly common thing that people do. These types of pains can last for just a few days and can be treated with some mild painkillers.
However, other problems such as a slipped disc are much more serious, and require medical treatment such as prescribed drugs and a course of physiotherapy. In some cases, surgery is the only option available to the sufferer.
Why would you need back surgery?
There are a number of reasons why you may need to have surgery on your spine. A herniated disc is one reason, which is caused by the disc between the vertebrae moving slightly out of place and pressing down on nerves from the spine. If you suffer from this condition, then you will experience pain in one side of your back and your leg, such a tingling sensation or numbness.
In some cases of a slipped disc, the inflammation can be controlled with pain killers and with physiotherapy, the problem can be treated. In other cases where the situation is more severe, spinal surgery will be necessary in order to stop this condition becoming permanent.
Another condition that would require surgery is if you suffer from an out of place spine. There are various types of this condition such as kyphosis and scoliosis, which affect the curvature of the spine. Some people may suffer more than others when this condition is present, and if it cannot be treated with medicine and physiotherapy, then again, surgery is the only option.
If you suffer from an unstable spine, which is where it is unable to support the body and the muscles, discs and bones, then surgery is more often than not the necessary treatment. This involves the fusing of the unstable parts of the spine.
Types of Back Surgery
There are different types of spinal surgery, each carrying its risks. The extent of the surgery that a patient requires depends on the severity of their condition.
This is a very common type of back surgery and is undertaken to treat lumbar spinal stenosis. Parts of the bone or ligaments in the back are removed, which in terms eases the pressure that is being put on the spinals nerves. This is a risk that such surgery can weaken the stability of the spine, so it might be necessary for the surgeon to also perform a spinal fusion on the patient.
When a disc in the spine moves out of place between the vertebrae, it can start pushing down on a nerve in the spine. This can cause extreme pain and discomfort for the sufferer. During this procedure, part or all of the disc is removed, therefore relieving the pressure on the nerves.
If a disc is removed from the spin due to damage, then an artificial can be inserted in its place. This is a different procedure to a spinal fusion, as the disc replacement is simply inserted between the vertebrae, without any bones needing to be fused together. This leads to a quicker recovery time, though there is the risk that the replacement disc could also at some point, slide out of place again, in which case a spinal fusion will most likely be required.
The spinal fusion procedure is probably the most common form of back surgery, and is usually performed on patients who have been suffering for a long time with back pains. This procedure involves the fusion of spinal bones, which in turn will limit the movement between them. It should not affect your day-to-day activities once you have recovered from the procedure.
Back pains are common in people of ages. As we get older, our bones will naturally start to weaken and become brittle, which means that there is a greater chance for breakages. Our spines are extremely strong structures that support the whole body, so it makes sense that at times, there will be aches and pains.
However, if you do suffer from a persistent backache, you should speak to a professional for a full examination and a course of treatment to help the condition. If you want to read more about spine surgery and about back pain specialists, simply head over to progressivespine.com, where you will find a great deal of useful advice and information. Surgery is always the last option, so it is important to make sure that you follow the advice of your doctor.