High Blood Pressure & Low Blood Pressure : Know Everything

Today’s busy lifestyle has increased the risk of many fatal diseases. Hypertension and hypotension remain at the top of them. Every second person today complains about constant BP fluctuations. For the people who are suffering from high blood pressure or low blood pressure, it is very essential to change your lifestyle to a healthy one as they both can make the person prone to serious health problems.

You should make an assessment of your lifestyle so that you can determine the factors that trigger your high blood pressure and low blood pressure. If you find out that your hypertension is caused by too much stress, then you should immediately try to reduce it by engaging in regular exercise and other relaxation techniques.

In this article we will cover the causes, symptoms, treatments and home remedies for high and low blood pressure.


fatigue or low blood pressure
fatigue or low blood pressure

Hypotension-What is Low Blood Pressure?

Blood pressure is measured as a high number (systole) and a low number (diastole). The high number indicates your heart is pumping fast and the low number indicates that your heart is pumping slowly. When your arteries receive the same amount of blood whether you are breathing or not, your blood pressure will be the same. The main cause of hypotension is a buildup of fluid in your arteries. This can be caused by many things such as smoking, high cholesterol, excessive alcohol intake, illness, obesity, and stress.

If your symptoms start to occur consistently, it is important to consult a physician. A doctor will most likely want to perform a series of tests in order to find the cause of Low Blood Pressure. These tests may include a urine test, an EKG, an electrocardiogram, X-rays, blood tests, and a blood pressure reading. Once the cause of Low Blood Pressure has been found, your physician will most likely be able to give you the medication that is right for you.

Quick Fact “Your body needs a balanced amount of Sodium and Potassium to maintain blood pressure”


Causes of Low Blood Pressure

Some common conditions that can cause low blood pressure are:

Heart problems

When there is a blockage of the arteries or are narrowed by fatty deposits or other structural abnormalities in the walls, it can result in low blood pressure in the body. Other symptoms of heart problems cause low blood pressure include palpitations, fainting, dizziness, irregular heartbeat, swelling in the ankles, legs, or arms, difficulty swallowing, shortness of breath, and chest pain.

how to have a healthy heart
how to have a healthy heart



Dehydration can cause low blood pressure, but so can many other things that you don’t realize can lower your BP. Mostly dehydration can occur when you overexert yourself physically or if you are ill. It can even occur due to certain medications or illnesses. Dehydration is often seen as a serious problem as it can cause many other medical conditions.


Lack of nutrients in your diet

The lack of nutrients in your diet, referred to as a “lack of essential” vitamins and minerals, can cause low blood pressure. A lack of vitamins A, B, C, and E all play a role in how your body maintains its normal functions. When the body does not have the right amount of these nutrients, it cannot properly perform certain functions. These nutrients are needed to prevent constriction (which contributes to hypertension), produce hormones that stimulate a natural surge of blood through the heart, transport nutrients throughout the body, and support the many other important bodily functions.

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A pregnant woman’s body is prone to developing low blood pressure, even in the first three months of pregnancy. This happens because women carrying a baby go through numerous physiological changes. It is during this stage of the pregnancy that the woman’s body is most susceptible to experiencing changes.

hypotension or low blood pressure
hypotension or low blood pressure


Symptoms of Low Blood Pressure

There are several symptoms of low blood pressure that need to be recognized. If you have them, then there’s a chance that you may be suffering from hypotension. Symptoms such as lack of sleep, exhaustion, and dizziness may occur with the disease. A feeling of nausea upon waking is one of the telltale signs of this disease, which can also lead to vomiting and diarrhea. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms of low blood pressure, then you should make an appointment with your doctor immediately. Other symptoms for low blood pressure are:

  1. Nausea
  2. Fainting
  3. Dehydration
  4. Lack of concentration
  5. Fatigue
  6. Blurred vision
  7. Depression
  8. Rapid or shallow breathing


Low Blood Pressure Treatments

A lot of people believe that treatments of low blood pressure are difficult and complicated. But the thing is, it is not like that. First of all, you need to know what the required amount is for you to achieve good results. If you have been diagnosed with hypotension, you don’t necessarily have to undergo expensive and painful treatment – simple changes in your lifestyle are enough to bring about great results.

  1. Use more salt in your diet.
  2. Drink more water.
  3. Avoid smoking and alcohol.
  4. Medication
  5. Do exercise regularly.
  6. Avoid heavy lifting.
  7. Avoid standing still for long period of time.
  8. Drink more nonalcoholic fluids.

Quick Fact-Low blood pressure can be managed with a combination of lifestyle changes and medication.

low blood pressure check
low blood pressure check


Some Home Remedies for Hypotension

  • Eat small meals frequently

Eating small meals throughout the day helps in preventing a drop in blood pressure as compared to eating larger or heavier meals.

  • Drink water

Drinking more water can lower the risk of low blood pressure as it can increase the blood volume in the body and it also avoids dehydration.

  • Cross legs while sitting

Crossing legs while sitting can increase the blood pressure but if you have high blood pressure then it can be a problem.

  • Avoid sudden position changes

You may feel dizziness while sitting or standing up rapidly if you have low blood pressure. When you change your position suddenly, the heart has not pumped enough blood through the body to account this sudden change.

  • Wear compression stocking

Compression stocking helps the blood to shift elsewhere which gets caught in the lower legs and feet. This helps in increasing blood pressure.


Hypertension- What is High Blood Pressure?

High blood pressure, also called hypertension, is basically the force of your blood pushing strongly against your arteries. When your heart is pumping out a great deal of blood, your blood pressure tends to be much higher than normal. The average person has normal blood pressure, but if you are an athlete, you may have to worry about being monitored and treated for high blood pressure.

So, what is high blood pressure? Having hypertension is not good for your health in any way. In fact, it is one of the most serious medical conditions that you can suffer from. If you are at risk for hypertension, you need to make some changes in your lifestyle. This includes making sure that you don’t smoke, that you get plenty of exercise, that you eat a well-balanced diet, and that you get some sleep.

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Quick Fact – People with sleep apnea have a higher chance of high blood pressure.


heart problems and solutions
heart problems and solutions

Causes of High Blood Pressure

If your blood pressure is beyond the normal range, contact your physician about ways to reduce it. The causes of high blood pressure have not been fully defined, but many things can play a role, such as: smoking, being overweight, having poor eating habits and even heredity. There could be many reasons that can cause increased blood pressure. Some of them include:

  1. Smoking
  2. Stress
  3. Too much salt in the diet
  4. Alcohol consumption
  5. Being overweight
  6. Lack of physical activity
  7. Older age
  8. Adrenal and thyroid disease
  9. Kidney disease
  10. Sleep apnea


High Blood Pressure Symptoms

The symptoms of high blood pressure are pretty much the same for all patients. Some people have no symptoms at all, while others feel a slight increase in their blood pressure during certain activities. In addition to this, the symptoms of hypertension can be very mild or very severe, with some people never even being aware that they have it. For this reason, it is essential to discuss your symptoms of high blood pressure with your doctor. He or she will be able to refer you to an appropriate specialist if necessary. Here are some symptoms of high blood pressure:

  1. Dizziness
  2. Sweating
  3. Trouble sleeping
  4. Difficulty breathing
  5. Chest pain
  6. Headaches
  7. Fatigue
  8. Vision problem
  9. Blood in urine
  10. Blood spots in eyes

Quick Fact – If you do not manage your high blood pressure, it can lead to strokes.


foods to eat when having high blood pressure
foods to eat when having high blood pressure

High Blood Pressure Treatments

High blood pressure or hypertension is a condition where the blood of the heart has to pump harder and faster than normal to pump blood to all of the vital organs. Blood clots can form in the arteries, and this is the reason why a high blood pressure reading often indicates an underlying problem such as cardiovascular disease.

A health care professional who is qualified to make these types of diagnosis should test your blood pressure at least once a year. Most health care professionals will take measurements at home.  However, if you feel that your blood pressure needs to be measured more frequently, either by yourself or by a medical professional, then here are some things to remember:

  1. Eating diet with less salt in it
  2. Increase physical activity
  3. Limit the amount of alcohol
  4. Avoid smoking
  5. Try to lose weight if you are overweight
  6. Medications

You should be aware that medication for high blood pressure is not always the best way to treat hypertension. Most medication for high blood pressure will only work if you are taking other medication for your condition. For example, some of the medication that is available over-the-counter contains ingredients that may interact with your other medication for high blood pressure.

Quick Fact- If you are prescribed medication for hypertension, you need to continue medication even if you feel fine.


high blood pressure check
high blood pressure check

Some Home Remedies for Hypertension

  • Increase activity and exercise daily

One of the first things to consider for controlling high blood pressure in a hypertensive patient is to recognize lifestyle changes at an early age. This means that the patient should be actively involved in making lifestyle changes even when symptoms are under. Doing physical activities is a great way to control high blood pressure.


  • Reduce Excess Stress

Controlling high blood pressure requires that we reduce excess stress, and that may be easier said than done, especially with so many sources of stress in our lives. Stress can result from a number of factors including: physical and mental pressure from work; financial pressure; family life crises; child rearing, and many other aspects of daily life. Reducing stress is one of the most important things that anyone can do to control their blood pressure, and one of the easiest things that anyone can do too.

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  • Make Sure to Get Good Sleep

For those of you that have been diagnosed with high blood pressure, you know that getting good sleep is vitally important. While getting the recommended eight hours of sleep will not cure hypertension, it can keep it from worsening. Unfortunately, not everyone gets enough sleep.


  • Eat Healthy High-Protein Foods

Have you ever wondered why people who eat a lot of high-protein, low-sodium, low-fat foods (such as red meat) have relatively normal blood pressure? Well, it turns out that the extra protein and low sodium prevent the arteries from becoming too clogged with plaque and cause the heart to work less strenuously to pump blood around your body. This in turn lowers your resting heart rate and increases your resting heartbeat. And since you’re now pumping less blood, that means lower blood pressure.


  • Eat Garlic

If you have high blood pressure and are concerned about the potential side effects of prescription medications, then there is a new, natural way that can help you control your blood pressure without taking expensive prescription drugs. Garlic has been used for centuries as a health food, but only recently has it been studied seriously as a potential treatment for hypertension. The best way to eat garlic for maximum health benefits is by taking it in supplement form.


hypertension problems and symptoms
hypertension problems and symptoms

Most Common FAQs

How Common is High Blood Pressure?

High blood pressure is the fourth leading cause of death in the United States, and over one million people in the United States have it today. It is also one of the most common diseases to affect the elderly. About 4 in 10 adults over age of 25 have high blood pressure.


Why is Knowledge of High Blood Pressure Important?

High blood pressure (hypertension) is a very serious medical condition that has the possibility of causing heart attack, stroke, and kidney failure. It is not only a problem with your body’s blood vessels; poor nutrition and lack of exercise can also affect your pressure. High blood pressure often begins slowly but can often be present by the time a person reaches middle age.


What does Low Blood Pressure feel like?

The common symptoms of low blood pressure are fainting, dizziness, dehydration, lack of concentration and fatigue.


Can blood pressure medications have any side-effects?

If you are already taking medication for your hypertension and you start taking medication for high blood pressure, you could experience a worse reaction to your other medications. In addition, your doctor may prescribe medication for high blood pressure that causes you to have side effects and/or other complications. You need to talk with your doctor and a pharmacist before taking medication for high blood pressure or any medication for that matter.

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