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You would have certainly heard about HIV or AIDS by your adults quite frequently. Even news channels and various websites on Google show you some limited information about these topics. However, HIV and AIDS both are very important topics that you should definitely know about and can be a serious health disease. Apart from all the other information about AIDS, one thing that you should definitely know about is that if a person is HIV positive, there is no possible treatment for it invented until now. That is why being aware of this disease, its symptoms and other factors is so essential for people of all ages. Read more about it below.
AIDS full form
Before we talk about the AIDS full form, It is important that you know about HIV and its full form. The human Immunodeficiency virus is the full form of HIV. And when it is not treated on time, it leads to Acquired Immunodeficiency Disorder Syndrome which is actually AIDS full form.
History of HIV AIDS
Studies show that the starting cases of HIV infections were seen in the 1800 century in the Central African region and came from hunting and eating of chimpanzees. When people at that area consumed the chimpanzee meat, this led to the infection among humans and slowly and steadily from Africa it passed on to the entire world.
Symptoms of AIDS
Predominantly, there is no search serious symptoms of AIDS. You would know about being HIV positive only by testing about the same. For most people, it starts with the common flu and then gradually they start getting other diseases as well. In some cases, there might not even be any such symptom at all and they can still be HIV positive.
Stages of HIV
AIDS starts with a very nominal infection and then gradually turns into a serious disease that doesn’t have any cure. You can know about the same by reading the stages of it below.
- At the first stage, the person might or not have a common flu but the virus has entered in the person’s body affecting the immune system. If HIV Is detected by a test, it can be cured.
- At the second stage, this virus starts growing and multiplying in the body, infecting the immune system more. The person may still not show some symptoms in some cases, but there are chances of transmitting HIV to others as well. Even at this stage, there are chances of treatment of it if detected early.
- The third and most severe stage is when the virus has taken over the bloodstream with multiple viruses and Umar this stage the immune system is totally damaged. Such a person can easily transmit the infection to others as well. Experts say, after this stage, a person can live for around three years only.
How can and cannot HIV be transmitted to others?
You might be having a doubt about how one can transmit HIV to others and what are the cases at which it is not transmittable. Read about it below:
HIV can be transmitted through
- Sexual relationships
- During pregnancy and child birth from mother to kid
- Through injections and needle.
HIV cannot be transmitted in the following cases:
- Air or cough or water
- Through sweat, tears and saliva or kissing
- Sharing food, toilet or living in the same room
- Through insects and pets
Protection against AIDS
To protect yourself from the HIV infection, ensure that you are always using a disposable syringe or injection while going to a medical practitioner. Also, avoid unsafe sex and get yourself tested for HIV every 6 months or at the time of serious flu.
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